The United Nation Organization - INDIA COVER

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The United Nation Organization

United Nation Organisation Welcome you all, In this session we are going to see more about "United Nation Organization". Lets start the topic to cover below :- 

Content of the Page:-


  1. Introduction about UNO

  2. Main Objectives of UNO

  3. Organs of UNO

  4. Official Languages of UNO

  5. Flag of UNO

  6. Result


Introduction about UNO :


 >  Established in 1945
     
 >  Type : International Organization .

 >  UNO-Head quarters : New York

 >  The UN charter was signed on 26th June 1945 at San Francisco

Main Objectives of UNO :

 >  To maintain international peace and security

 >  To develop friendly relations among nations

 >  To settle international disputes by peaceful means

 >  To be a center for helping nations to achieve these goals

Organs of the UNO :

There are six major organs in UNO 

                * The General Assembly
               
                * The Security Council

                * The Economic and Social Council

                * The Trusteeship Council

                * The International Court of Justice 

                * The Secretariat

    * The General Assembly

       The General Assembly is the UNO's main organ and deliberative body

    * The Security Council 

               The Council has five Permanent members - The are ( UK , France , China and Russian Federation

   * The Economic and Social Council

                Members : 54 , duration : 9 years.
                Retirement : 1/3rd of its member retire every three years

   * The Trusteeship Council

               Suspended its operations on 1st Nov, 1994

   * International Court of Justice 

               Location : The Hague in Netherlands. 
               Members :15 Judges elected by the General Assembly and the Security Council

  * The Secretariat 

           The Secretary General is the Chief Administrative Officer of the UNO 
         Appointed by : The General Assembly on the advise of the Security Council 
            Duration : five years.
  
 Specialized Agencies :

*  WHO        ( World  Health  Organisation ) 
*  UNESCO (United Nations Educational Scientific and cultural Organisation)
*  UNICEF (United Nation International Children's Emergency Fund )
*  ILO    ( International Labor Organisation )
*  FAO   ( Food Agricultural Organisation )   
*  IMF    ( International Monetary Fund )
*  IBRD ( International Bank for Reconstruction and Development )
         
These Organisation develop the economic and social aspects of the member countries.

 

Official Languages of UNO :


 Official Languages are used in UNO 

 They are,
      
Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. However its working language are English and French.

Flag of  UNO :

The World map within the olive branches signifies the everlasting peace and security which White and blue are the official colors of the United Nations

 Finance :

 UNO gets its financial aid mainly from USA and from other member nations.

 Major Achievements of the United Nations :

 They are ;

  • UNO has rendered a great service in establishing peace and security by solving various problems .
  • It settled disputes between Israel and Palestine, Iraq and withdrawal of Soviet troops from Afghanistan .    
  • It has signed NTBT ( Nuclear Test Ban Treaty ) in 1963 and CTBT ( Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty ) in 1996 .
  • At the UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, all countries adopted "Agenda 21" .
  • The UN Development Fund for Women ( UNIFEM ) and the International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women ( INSTRAW ) the quality of life for women in over 100 countries 
  • The UNO played a vital role in the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 It made France, Britain and Israel to withdraw troops from Egypt. The UNO also settled the Korean War and Vietnam War .

Overview of the United Nations 50th Anniversary Celebration :


  • In 1995 the United Nations celebrated its 50th Anniversary of service to the global community
              
     "   WE   THE   PEOPLE    OF    THE    UNITED    NATIONS    UNITED  FOR    BETTER    WORLD   "


  • In November 1995 the UN Flag was carried into outer space by the astronauts of the Space Shuttle Atlantis to salute United Nations work for the world peace .

      " The    General     Assembly     in     October      1993"             


  • (UNO it was Finally discussed in the San Franisco conference of 1945)
  •   The UN charter was signed at San Franisco on 26th June 1945

 

The Result :


                    "  UNO came into existence on 24th October 1945.  "


               


                    

                     

       

       

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